Posts Tagged ‘climate change’

Opening Remarks by Rajendra K. Pachauri
11Annette Hovdal

Annette HovdalOctober 1, 2013

IPCC’s climate report

The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) is between 95 and 100 % confident that global warming is caused by human greenhouse gas emissions.

On Friday 27 September, the IPCC presented a summary of the first part of the fifth main report on climate change since 1990. The report itself was presented yesterday.

According to the IPCC the temperature will continue to rise, but has not increased as much in the last 15 years, as previously suggested. However, if emissions continue to increase significantly this century, the temperatures can rise by more than 4 degrees Celsius up to 2100. Large amounts of the ice in Greenland and at the poles have melted. The sea level will rise between 25 and 82 centimeters by 2100. The wet areas will get wetter and the dry areas drier, and there will be more extreme weather, but perhaps not as bad as previously thought. For Norway the climate change means extreme rainfall and sea level rise.

The response in Norway

However, the report shows that it is still possible to prevent the most serious consequences if the world’s nations agree on swift and deep cuts in greenhouse gas emissions. The report shows that climate change up to 2100 will depend on emission levels ahead.

Some political parties and the environmental movement hopes that the report puts an end to the debate on whether climate change is manmade, and start the transition now. For example, Ola Elvestuen in the liberal party, says that politicians have to pursue policies that are consistent with the challenges we are facing. We still have the ability to prevent the most serious climate change, but we have to initiate the process of restructuring now.

Fredric Hauge, Bellona President, says that the report is an order from our globe. The order is to change course in climate politics, towards more full scale facilities for carbon capture and storage, more renewable energy, more energy efficiency, more money to ensure a transition within the industrial sector and more electric cars on the roads.

Read the other Norwegian environment organization’s comments on the report here.

The IPCC report

This first part of the report is a status on the research done on earth’s climate, how the climate system works, and how we human’s is changing it. The second and the third part of the report will come in 2014, and looks at the climate change’s effects on society, and how we can limit the effects.

The IPCC is a body established by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) in 1988. Participation is offered to all countries that are members of either the UN or WMO. The main mandate is to provide assessments of the world’s total knowledge about climate change and its effects. IPCC’s first assessment report came in 1990, the fourth in 2007, and the fifth is thus today.

To learn more about the process writing the report, click here.

Photo by: World Economic Forum (Rajendra K. Pachauri, Chairman, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change)

ola og connie hånd i hånd
11Annette Hovdal

Annette HovdalSeptember 13, 2013

Ola Borten Moe and Connie Hedegaard discuss renewable energy at Technoport Talks

“How can Norway play a role in a renewable energy Europe?”  This was the topic discussed  at Technoport Talks earlier this summer. At the panel debate, the Norwegian Ministry of Petroleum and Energy, Ola Borten Moe, met with EU Commissioner on Climate Action, Connie Hedegaard. Borten Moe stated that the EU should stop subsidizing renewable energy.

During the panel debate between the two, and Professor Asgeir Tomasgard, Director at Centre for Sustainable Energy Studies,  Borten Moe claimed that the EU should not subsidize renewable energy, and rather use public money to develop new technology, like carbon capture and storage technology. This controversial statement was then published in several Norwegian newspapers, and criticized by many. The problem today is not the subsidizing of renewables, but the subsidizing of fossil fuels, some of the critics argued. Hedegaard also pointed out that the subsidization of fossil fuels can be problematic. “Every time the world is spending 1 dollar subsidizing renewables, we are spending 7 dollars subsidizing fossil fuels”, Hedegaard said. Watch the panel debate bellow:

The background for the panel debate was this question: How can Norway play a role in a renewable energy Europe? The EU has high ambitions on energy and climate change. The EU wants to increase the share of renewable energy to 20 % by 2020. However, due to the variability of wind and solar power, there will be variations in power generation, and the EU therefore needs more balancing capacity to ensure a stable and reliable power supply. Norway with its hydropower and natural gas can play a role here.

Click here to hear our speakers from research and industry talk about Norway’s role in the EU’s energy mix.

The topic, “Norway’s role in a renewable energy Europe”, is  highly discussed nowadays. In Oslo, there will be a mini-conference (25 September) on this.

However, what is the popular view on Norway as a “green battery” to Europe? If you haven’t already –  do read Henrik Karlstrøm’s guest blog post on the subject. Henrik is presenting new research on people in Norway’s view on the subject.  

 

 

fields of gold (CC)
5Erling Hess Johnsen

Erling Hess JohnsenJuly 10, 2013

The future Norwegian farmer

A new research project seeks to investigate whether precision fertilisation may lead to lowering farming costs and reducing climate gas emissions. How? By using a fertiliser drone.

You’ve probably seen lawn mover drones getting more popular as they have become cheaper and more efficient. A similar, though way more advanced drone prototype has been developed by the Norwegian mechatronics company Adigo. The drone moves regularly across the fields and measure which areas need increased fertilisation. Researchers from SINTEF have developed the measuring system based on the gas measurement system SINTEF has developed for the International Space Station.

Over-fertilisation is not only expensive for the farmer, but also bad for the environment. The fertilisation used in the spring time contains nitrogen, which may be transformed into nitrous oxide (NOx). NOx gases are particularly damaging for the local and regional environment.

The fertiliser drone is used as a part of an ongoing international research project administered by Bioforsk. For further reading (in Norwegian), check out Gemini’s article.

What do you think, can increased use of drones be the future for farming?

photo by: marfis75
11Annette Hovdal

Annette HovdalJuly 8, 2013

Electric Roads – the future for a carbon neutral transport sector?

Did you have an electric racetrack growing up – a racetrack where the racing cars were powered by electricity provided by a slot in the track? Volvo and an inventor in the company Elways are working on to different projects to make this possible for real life cars. The conceptis to charge the electric vehicles directly from the road, by placing two power lines in to the road. In other words, the vehicles would charge directly from the road without the need of battery

Both Volvo and Elways have started testing electric roads in Sweden. The background for this testing is the Swedish government’s aim for the Swedish transport sector to be carbon neutral by 2030. Mats Alaküla, research adviser in Volvo, believes that the concept will be demonstrated on normal roads within 5 years. He believes that the technology will be used commercially before 20 years has passed (tu.no).  

What do you think – are electric roads the answer for a carbon neutral transport sector?